Dispensing at Outpatient Pharmacy


Prescription that is received at the outpatient pharmacy will generally include employees, private patients (where permitted by a state board of registration in pharmacy), indigent (poor) patients, non-indigent patients and patients being discharged from the hospital, depending upon the location and type of hospital.

Depending upon the type of patient and type hospital, medicines may be supplied either free of cost or on cash payment.

  • Free medicine cases get their medicines directly from the pharmacy.
  • Payment cases pay the cash first (at cash counter) and upon the production of the receipt plus the prescription, handled to the pharmacist in pharmacy and receive medicine.

Dispensing Pattern:

Dispensing pattern involved in providing outpatients and those being discharged with “take home drugs” is identical with that carried out by community pharmacy. In both instances, a physician writes a prescription and the patient or his/her attendant takes it to the pharmacy where the pharmacist compounds it. If there is to be waiting period, the pharmacist makes the prescription call check which identifies the patient numerically  and the finished prescription.

Once the pharmacist has the prescription and label are numbered with the help of numbering machine; the directions and other pertinent information required are placed on the label; ancillary label are affixed; then the proper medication is placed in the container; a check for accuracy is conducted and finally the prepared prescription is wrapped and at the end, dispensed.

Internal Audit:

For this purposes hospital prescription may be separated into outpatient and inpatient discharges and thus may utilize two types of different colored blanks.

Duplicate copy of the prescription or small token is kept by the pharmacist. Then, the retained prescription or token after accounts were written and the pharmacist files it for drugs mentioned in prescription along with patient’s registration number and date.

Abid Ali @abidaliphm

Doctor of Pharmacy


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