Controlled Drugs/Substances

It may be defined as “a drug/substance with potential for abuse is termed as Controlled Substance or any substance that may be used for production or in manufacturing of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances”.

Controlled substances may be categorized into five schedules that specify the ways in which they must be stored, dispensed, recorded and inventoried.

The purchasing, manufacturing, storing, prescription and distribution of controlled substances is controlled by the Act specified for such substances.

The controlled substances may be included in any one of the following schedules:

  • Schedule I:

These substances have the highest potential for abuse, not currently accepted for medical use in treatment and they have lack of accepted safety for use even under medical supervision.

  • Schedule II:

These substances have high potential of abuse, recently accepted for their medical use with severe restrictions. Their abuse may lead to severe physiological and physical dependence.

  • Schedule III:

They have less potential for abuse than the first two categories. These have accepted medical use and cause moderate or lower dependence.

  • Schedule IV:

These have low potential for abuse, accepted medical use and cause limited dependence.

  • Schedule V:

These have low potential for abuse, accepted medical use and dependence less than that of Schedule IV.

Abid Ali @abidaliphm

Doctor of Pharmacy

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Role of Pharmacist in Hospital

Pharmacist plays a vital role in hospital and is not confined to a single type of role but performs a variety of jobs. Some of the tasks performed by a pharmacist in hospital are:

  • Manufacturing and compounding:

Pharmacist manufactures, plans and develop procedures for manufacturing of medicines, I/V admixtures etc. and compound drugs for patients with prescriptions.

  • Purchasing:

Pharmacist purchases drugs from the market. He plans for purchase, advertisement for purchase and select methods for procurement.

  • Quality Control and Quality Assurance:

Pharmacist evaluates and analyzes the manufactured and/or purchased drugs and procedures of pharmacy practice.

  • Storage and inventory control of drugs:

Pharmacist stores the drugs as required and distributes them to various sections, and maintain the inventory of drugs. They keep a check on the expiry of drugs and report the concerned authority accordingly.

  • Dispensing of drugs:

Pharmacist dispenses drug to the in patient and out patients with medication order and prescriptions.

  • Clinical services:

Besides dispensing, pharmacist provides clinical services like monitoring of drug use, evaluation of adverse drugs reactions, drug interactions and counseling the patients regarding drug utilization and other drug related information.

  • Drug information services:

Pharmacist provides the services of drug information, establishes and maintains drug/medicine information center.

  • Teaching and education:

Pharmacist teaches, educates and trains the patients, public, social workers, health care professionals as well as health care students about the drugs, their uses and pharmaceutical care services.

  • Involvement in committees:

Pharmacist is involved in various administrative and other committees within the institutions.

  • Development of hospital formulary:

Pharmacist being the member of Pharmacy Therapeutic Committee (PTC) is involved in developing and updating the hospital formulary.

Abid Ali @abidaliphm

Doctor of Pharmacy

What Patients actually want?

Healthcare systems are under extreme pressure to optimize the health care delivery. Pharmacists play a vital role and make sure to provide quality care services to the patients. Cost effectiveness as well as patient’s outcomes (therapeutic) has been kept in focus. 

Ease of services:

Patients really want the services they need, should be confined to a certain area. Check up, laboratory tests, consultancy, patient education, all of the services should be provided at a specific area so they feel relaxed and will walk away happy. Diagnosis at one place, lab tests at other, then bringing reports back to the Physician, getting medication from far away, all these rather depress and annoy the patient and ultimately they feel agitated.

Response of Practitioner:

Patients are eager to tell what they feel. Practitioner must cooperate with them by paying special attention towards their views. It will take them into confidence and will increase compliance. The patients value the fact that they have been heard. This will further increase the trust between the practitioner and patient. A lot of patients do not provide confidential information just because of lack of trust and thus the therapy fails.

Cost effectiveness:

Cost effectiveness is being highly valued by the patients. Costly therapy will be challenging for poor patients. So, reducing the cost therapy will in turn maximize not only sales but also will help in financial solvency and optimization of patient outcomes.

Consultation:

Doctors are quite busy in their daily routine. Patients need complete consultation concerned to their therapy and medication problems associated with it. So, here’s one may feel the need of someone to discuss this with. Thus, they consult Pharmacist who can solve their problem and make them satisfy by providing guidance in this regard.

Pharmacists play their roles by providing those services that patients need. Hence, day by day the world is now accepting the pharmacist’s status and role as one of the pillar that held the healthcare system.

Indeed we will get stronger as we grow!!!

Abid Ali @abidaliphm

Doctor of Pharmacy

Pharmacy- Scope and types

Pharmacy covers a wide range and has made an enormous progress in the recent past which gave it a powerful position in Medical field. It has become a mature discipline in terms of scope but unfortunately in Pakistan is yet underdevelopment. It has beaten every every field in terms of therapeutic knowledge. 

Scope:

Pharmacists demand is increasing day by day. As Pharmacy is improving to the next level its popularity makes a mark. Pharmacists jobs at public sector are being created more and more parallel to private jobs which is the indication of the field’s growth.

In Pakistan, Pharmacists are still keep watering it and struggle hard to make its root more firmer. They are keen to make it to the top.

The importance of Pharmacy can’t be neglected as it is one of the LIFE saving profession. Pharmacists work almost everywhere whether it is academia or industry, hospitals or clinics, retail pharmacy or community pharmacy, hence they are serving nationwide to worldwide.

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Types:

On the basis of scope, Pharmacy has numerous types. Some of the important types are as:

  • Hospital Pharmacy
  • Clinical Pharmacy
  • Industrial Pharmacy
  • Nuclear Pharmacy
  • Retail Pharmacy
  • Community Pharmacy
  • Veterinary Pharmacy
  • Compounding Pharmacy
  • Internet/online Pharmacy

Each and every type of pharmacy indicates the scope of pharmacy.

So yes, Pharmacy is a major subject with a phenomenal scope and opportunities. Determination, competition and devotion is must to become a competitive Pharmacist.

Hard work will lead to success, you just need to stick with competency.

Abid Ali @abidaliphm

Doctor of Pharmacy

Pharmacy- eligibility criteria and course duration

Pharmacy  has a tough criteria and is a lengthy professional degree program in terms of duration. 

Eligibility Criteria:

With effect from September, 2009, the minimum eligibility criteria has been revised to 60% intermediate marks (Pre-Medical). It means, if a candidate has 60% marks he/she is eligible for admission and can seek admission in desired recognized university. A university may have its own rules of entrance which the candidate must comply with. For example, if a candidate has 60% marks, he/she may have to appear in a university own qualifying examination/test. Failure to which may result in termination of the student.

So, a student must do proper research about the university he/she is going to be admitted. 

Course duration:

Pharmacy is a professional degree program of 5 years (annual system) or 10 semesters (semester-wise system). Many universities offer the program annually (Fall-Sep). 

Pharm. D (5 year program) consists of 51 courses covered in a duration of 5 years. In semester system it comprises of 10 semesters. Each semester has the required credit hours which are covered in the semester course period according to the Higher Education Commission curriculum. 

For details about courses and credit hours please visit:

http://www.hec.gov.pk/InsideHEC/Divisions/AECA/CurriculumRevision/Documents/Pharmacy%202004.pdf.

Abid Ali @abidaliphm

Doctor of Pharmacy

Pharmacy in Pakistan

Pharmacy in Pakistan is going slowly toward the target as there are more jobs created at Government sector if compared with past. It means people are realizing the actual value of Pharmacy but yet a lot needed to be done in the long run. 

Duration:

In Pakistan, the Bachelor of Pharmacy (4 years) degree has been replaced with the Doctor of Pharmacy (5 years).

Pharmacy Council Of Pakistan:

The responsible body for the registration of Pharmacists as well as Pharmacy education is a council known as Pharmacy Council of Pakistan (PCP). It is the regulatory authority and established in term of Pharmacy Act, 1967.

PCP responsible for registering both public as well as private institutions and grant them recognition to conduct Pharmacy course and recognize the institutions once they are being satisfied. If an institution complies with the rules and regulations, PCP recognizes it. In meanwhile, PCP may issue No Objection Certificate (NOC) to conduct the course and when all the rules and regulations are fulfilled then final recognition is being given to the institution. The regulatory body may cancel recognition status anytime, if it finds any violation of rules.

Please check the university status first (at link given at the end), if a student is interested in taking admission. DON’T SELECT A UNIVERSITY BY THE ADVISE OF OTHERS. DO YOUR OWN RESEARCH!!!

Use of prefix Dr, for Pharm. D and B. Pharm degree holders:

In a meeting held by PCP on 1.10.2012, the use of prefix Dr, was approved. Only those who have Pharm. D qualification can use the prefix. For Bachelors holders, they must do Condensed course of one year duration if they want to upgrade their degree for B. Pharm to Pharm. D. 

More information:

For more info about knowing the Recognized universities as well as NOC granted universities and Category A, B please visit:

http://www.pharmacycouncil.org.pk

Abid Ali @abidaliphm

Doctor of Pharmacy

Why Pharmacy?

Unlike other fields, there is a huge competition in Medical field (esp. in Pakistan). The main focus of the students is to get admission at a reputable medical college and almost 99% of the students think of admitting in M.B.B.S. if not, other option is B.D.S. They may even don’t know about the other medical fields i.e. nursing, optometry, laboratory technology, biotechnology, microbiology, pharmacy etc.

Students must go for the option for which they have dreamt of. But one must not select a single option because of uncertainty of getting admission in that, due to tough competition as well as merit/criteria. A student must have a second option in basket which should be based on his/her interest.

DON’T EVER TAKE ADMISSION ON THE ADVISE OF OTHERS. Choose your own path and your own career if you want to be successful in the near future.

Why I prefer Pharmacy?

Pharmacy is a life saving profession if one is devoted enough. It ensures the health of community/population and take care of them by providing pharmaceutical services.

Pharmacy should be option B if one considers M.B.B.S/B.D.S first. Now, the question arises why?

Pharmacist is dealing with not only drugs but also deal with the patients like doctors. Pharmacy has undergone the process of transition and is now more patient oriented rather than product oriented. A Pharmacist can do all those duties performed by Doctors except diagnosis. 

If a student wants to deal with patients then he/she should prioritize Pharmacy because Pharmacist is known to be the Drug Expert. From its manufacturing to administration, pharmacist knows it all.

Thus, i prefer Pharmacy over all other fields.

Leaving a question for you people?

Is there any Doctor who can treat a patient if there is no drug (medicine)? (No offence)

Abid Ali @abidaliphm

Doctor of Pharmacy

About Pharmacy

I believe, almost everyone will know about Pharmacy. Pharmacy is one of the major field in Medical Sciences. A pharmacy graduate is known as Pharmacist.

Types of qualifications:

There are two types of qualifications in the field of Pharmacy.

  1. Diploma in Pharmacy ( D. Pharm)
  2. Professional degree in Pharmacy (Pharm.D)

1. Diploma in Pharmacy (D. Pharm):

This comes under Paramedics and is a two year diploma. It is also known by other names i.e. Pharmacy technician, diploma in Pharmacy technology etc. But whatever you may call it, its under the roof of D. Pharm.

2. Professional degree in Pharmacy ( Pharm. D):

There is a lot of history about the transition of Pharmacy degree in terms of its name and duration. First it was a four year degree and was called Bachelor of Pharmacy (B. Pharm). Now it has become Doctor of Pharmacy ( Pharm. D), a 5 year degree. I also heard that it will become a 6 year degree including +1 year house job i think. I don’t know about the future of it and you can’t predict one as the Authorities are regularly experimenting it.

6 years reflects a disadvantage, because i am afraid of the fact that people will not undertake this course due to the duration of the degree. Already, it has been a rough and tough subject, if its course of duration has been increased further, students will go for alternate available option.

Misconception:

I have seen, almost 70-80 % people confuse the term Pharm. D with D. Pharm. They can’t differentiate between these two. If you tell them i am doing Pharm. D, the answer is Oh yes, Diploma in Pharmacy!!!!. That is also the disadvantage of its experimentation i.e. changing from B. Pharm to Pharm. D.

But i agree that a Pharmacist can call himself a Doctor as the degree name indicates Doctor of Pharmacy.

I am proud to be a Pharmacist but there is a lot to be done in this field as unfortunately, it has not gained its class as yet.

Abid Ali @abidaliphm

Doctor of Pharmacy

Home

Welcome,

This blog is not limited to Pharmacists only but its also for all those who want to consider Pharmacy as a profession.

 

The main objective is to take initiative steps to make Pharmacy as a life saving profession in true means.

 

This blog will take you through my whole journey which also will make the pros and cons more clear.

 

The focus is to give the viewers a complete insight that what actually Pharmacy is and how its been practicing.

 

For this, i will need help of all my colleagues and everyone who knows about Pharmacy.

 

Comments and suggestions are required to help me improve it and up-to-dated.

 

Thanks

Abid Ali @abidaliphm

Doctor of Pharmacy